Κυριακή, 20 Μαΐου 2012

HYONGS FORMS

1st -  CH'ON-JI
Means the Heaven and Earth. The creation of  the world or beginning of human history.
The pattern is two parts; one to represent the Heaven, the other to represent the Earth.
There are 19 movements.

2nd - TAN-GUN
This form is named after the Holy TAN-GUN, the legendary Founder of Korea, in the year 2334 B.C.
There are 21 movements.

3rd - TO-SAN
The pen-name of the patriot AN CH’ANG-HO (1876-1938 ) who devoted his entire life to furthering the education of Korea and its Independence Movement. There are 24 movements.

4th -  WON-HYO
Was the name of the noted Monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year of 686 A.D.
There are 28 movements.

5th -  YUL-KOK

Is the pen-name of a great philosopher and scholar YII (1536-1584), nicknamed the “CONFUCIUS OF KOREA..”
There are 38 movements.

6th -  CHUNG-GUNIMG
Is named after the patriot AN CHUNG-GUN who assassinated HIRO - BUMI ITO, the first Japanese Governor-General of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part to the Japan-Korea merger. The 32 movements refer to his age at death when he was executed at LUI - SHUNG prison.

7th -  T’OI-GYE
Is the pen-name of the noted scholar YI’HWANG (16th Century A.D. ) an authority on Neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37’Latitude, the diagram (1) represents scholar.

8th -  HWA-RANG
Is named after the HWA-RANG Youth Group which originated in the Silla Dynasty about 1350 years ago.
This group eventually became the actual driving force for the unification of the three Kingdoms of Korea.
There are 29 movements.

9th -  CH’UNG-MU
Was the given name to the Great Admiral YI SUN-SIN of the YI Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armored battleship (1592 A.D.) (KOBUKSON) which was the forerunner of the present day submarine. The reason this pattern ends up with the left-hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death, having on chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king. There are 30 movements.

10th - Gwang-Hyong Game
The King Gwang Game T'o-Wang-17 King of the Koguryo dynasty, conquered back any previously lost areas including Manchuria. The diagram represents the conquest of the lost territories and the expansion of Korea. The 39 years of his reign are represented by the 39 movements of the Hyong.

11th - Eun-Hyong P'o
The Chong Mong-Chu was a loyal subject and a famous poet, whose poems are very popular in Korea. He were declared P'o-Eun and 1400 AD He lived also devoted to research in physics. The diagram of the Hyong symbolizes his unswerving loyalty to his country and king. The Hyong contains 36 movements.

12th - Ge-Baek
This Hyong is named after the great General Game-Bak, who lived about 660 AD in the Paek-Chae-dynasty. The diagram of the Hyong represents his severe and strict military discipline and hard. The Hyong contains 44 movements.

13th - Yu-Sin 
The Korean General Kim Yu-Sin united 668 AD, the tripartite Korea during the Silla Dynasty. The Hyong contains 68 movements, which relate to the two digits of the year of unification of Korea.

14th - Chung-Yan
This Hyong is named after a famous Korean general, Kim Dok-Ryong was called. He won in the war-Imzin Mudung on the mountain about 400 years ago a great victory. The end of the Hyong, an attack with the left hand points to his tragic death at the age of 27 years. The Hyong contains 52 movements.

15th - Ul-Ji 
Named after General Ul-Ji Mun Duk who in the 7th Century lived. He succeeded in Korea against a Chinese invasion army, which comprised nearly one million soldiers to defend. He availed himself of this guerrilla tactic. The diagram of the Hyong represents his surname. The Hyong contains 42 movements. The number of movements refer to the age of the author of this Hyong.

16th - Sam Il
This Hyong is called after the Korean Independence Day, which reminds on 03/01/1919 andes uprising. The 33 movements refer to the number of elected officials who were responsible for the action.

17th - Co-Yang
This Hyong is named after the pseudonym of the Korean patriot and freedom fighter Cho Man-ski. He dedicated his life to education and independence of Korea, people. The Hyong contains 39 movements, which in turn point to the geographic location of his birthplace.

18th - Ch'oi-Yong
This Hyong is called after the Korean Registrar General and the 14th Century. Ch'oi-Yong was greatly respected for his loyalty, modesty, and for his patriotism. The Hyong contains 45 movements.

19th - Se-Yong
This Hyong is called after the greatest Korean, King (1443 AD), the inventor of the alphabet and koereanischen known meteorologist. The Hyong contains 24 movements and is the number of Korean letters.

20th - Il-Hyong T'ong
This Hyong is available for the determination of Korea which has been divided since 1945 to unite in peace. The chart and the 56 movements refer to the unity of the divided Koreas.